Results for search "Neurology".
Health News Results - 171
Giving fewer needle sticks to premature newborns in the intensive care unit may improve growth of a key brain area, a new study suggests.
The thalamus relays sensory data from the body to the rest of the brain, where it registers as pain, touch or temperature.
For the study, researchers compared 86 premature infants who had a catheter placed in their central veins and cen...
- Steven Reinberg
- October 21, 2020
- Full Page
As the air people breathe gets dirtier, their odds for serious neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's and other dementias rises, new research shows.
The long-term study of more than 63 million older Americans can't prove cause and effect, but does show a strong association between air pollution and brain disorders. The researchers said the link was seen even a...
An experimental drug combination lengthens survival for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), new research shows.
A previous clinical trial found that the two-drug combo -- called AMX0035 -- slowed progression of the neurodegenerative disease over six months.
The new clinical trial of 137 patients with the disease, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, found that ...
CBD has been widely marketed as a cure-all for whatever ails you, and a new study finds many Americans are buying the sales pitch.
Researchers tracking a Reddit forum on CBD found many folks discussing use of cannabidiol to treat conditions for which there are proven, safe and effective medicines and therapies.
Forum participants said they were using CBD for mental and emotional...
- Dennis Thompson
- October 15, 2020
- Full Page
Autism may involve nerves that control touch, pain and other sensations as well as the brain, a new study suggests.
"More than 70% of people with autism have differences in their sensory perception," said researcher Dr. Sung-Tsang Hsieh, an attending neurologist at National Taiwan University Hospital in Taipei. "For some people, even a light touch can feel unbearable while others...
- Steven Reinberg
- October 14, 2020
- Full Page
As President Donald Trump battles the coronavirus, researchers reveal concerning new findings: Neurological symptoms occur in 8 of 10 hospitalized COVID-19 patients.
These symptoms include muscle pain, headaches, dizziness, encephalopathy and "brain fog."
"Encephalopathy, which is characterized by altered mental function ranging from mild confusion to coma, is the most sever...
Genetic problems cause about 14% of cerebral palsy cases, and many of the implicated genes control the wiring of brain circuits during early fetal development, new research shows.
The largest genetic study of cerebral palsy supports previous findings and provides "the strongest evidence to date that a significant portion of cerebral palsy cases can be linked to rare genetic mutati...
Doctors stress that it's a very rare occurrence, but one woman's pre-surgery COVID-19 nasal swab test appears to have triggered a release of cerebrospinal fluid into her upper nasal cavities.
The incident was tied to a tiny gap in the bones of the woman's skull -- an encephalocele.
"The [COVID-19 test] swab itself did not result in a violation of the bony skull base, but rat...
Over the years electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) -- commonly known as "shock therapy" -- has gotten a bad rap.
But new research out of Italy suggests that reputation may be unwarranted. Investigators found that among bipolar patients who fail to respond to standard treatments, ECT can be a lifesaver, preventing out-of-control mood swings and dramatically lowering suicide risk.
For the very young, sleep builds and strengthens the brain, but it quickly switches to maintenance and repair before a child turns 3, new research shows.
Before about the age of 2½, the brain grows rapidly. And during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep a baby's brain builds and strengthens synapses, which connect neurons to each other so they can communicate.
After that, sl...
- Robert Preidt
- September 22, 2020
- Full Page
A major cause of falls in older people is more common among Parkinson's patients, and monitoring for the condition might lower patients' risks, new research shows.
Ever feel dizzy and lightheaded when you suddenly stand up? It's caused by a sudden drop in blood pressure -- a condition doctors call orthostatic hypotension and it can lead sometimes to fainting and falling down.
- E.J. Mundell
- September 16, 2020
- Full Page
Alzheimer's disease is more common in rural Appalachian areas of Ohio than in other rural parts of the state, new research shows.
For the study, the investigators analyzed 11 years of Medicare data, ending in 2017, and found that Alzheimer's rates were 2% to 3% higher in rural Appalachian counties than in other rural counties in Ohio.
The study, published online rece...
- Robert Preidt
- September 11, 2020
- Full Page
Adults process language on one side of the brain, but kids use both hemispheres, a new study suggests.
The finding might explain why children recover more easily from brain injuries than adults, the study authors added.
"This is very good news for young children who experience a neural injury," said researcher Elissa Newport. She's a neurology professor at Georgetown Univer...
- Steven Reinberg
- September 10, 2020
- Full Page
Placing a hospitalized COVID-19 patient in a face down position to ease breathing -- or "proning" -- has steadily gained traction as a pandemic lifesaver. But a small new study warns that it may lead to permanent nerve damage.
The concern is based on the experience of 83 COVID-19 patients who were placed face down while attached to a ventilator. Once they improved, all began post-COVI...
An experimental treatment may help slow the progression of the deadly brain disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a new study finds.
Researchers called the results a promising step in the fight against a devastating and invariably fatal disease. And two advocacy groups are calling for swift action to make the drug available to patients.
ALS is also known as Lou Gehrig...
While there are treatments to alleviate symptoms of Parkinson's disease, there is no known cure or preventive drug. But a recent review offers some encouraging findings.
The review found more than 100 clinical trials are underway around the world that are testing various preventive therapies and treatments for the neurodegenerative disorder.
The large number of trials, and ...
People who eat healthfully may be less likely to develop a constellation of symptoms that can precede Parkinson's disease, a large new study suggests.
Researchers found that people who closely adhered to a Mediterranean-style diet were about one-third less likely to develop at least three "prodromal" features suggestive of Parkinson's disease, compared to those who stuck with meat and...
It may be possible to protect Parkinson's patients' brains from further damage by turning off a "master regulator" gene, researchers report.
"One of the biggest challenges in treating Parkinson's, other than the lack of therapies that impede disease progression, is that the disease has already laid waste to significant portions of the brain by the time it is diagnosed," said researche...
Feeling woozy when you stand up may be a sign of an increased risk of developing dementia, a new study suggests.
Doctors call this feeling "orthostatic hypotension," and it occurs when there's a sudden drop in blood pressure as you stand, explained a team of researchers from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF).
The researchers found a connection between orth...
- Steven Reinberg
- August 14, 2020
- Full Page
A new injection drug can prevent multiple sclerosis flare-ups better than an existing medication, a clinical trial has found.
The drug, called ofatumumab, beat a standard MS medication in reducing patients' symptom relapses. It also slowed down the progression of their disability over six months.
The researchers said the findings, published Aug. 6 in the New England Journ...
Taking in extra vitamin D plus calcium might cut your odds of getting a debilitating form of vertigo, new research shows.
The Korean study focused on benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), a sudden spinning sensation that's commonly triggered by changing your head position. According to the study authors, about 86% of people who have this type of vertigo find that it affects...
Like many other animals, people can move their ears to focus on a specific sound, researchers say.
However, this movement of ears is subtle and the ability to do it hasn't been known until now.
By measuring electrical signals in ear muscles as volunteers tried to detect sounds, researchers found that people make tiny, unconscious movements to aim their ears at a particular s...
COVID-19 may not be just one disease, but six distinct types, a new British study claims.
Each type differs in severity and in the need for respiratory support during hospitalization, the researchers added.
Cough, fever and loss of smell are the usual symptoms of COVID-19, but the range of symptoms can include headaches, muscle pain, fatigue, diarrhea, confusion, loss of a...
People with a history of concussion may face increased risks of certain psychological and neurological conditions, a large new study suggests.
The study of more than 186,000 Canadians found that those who suffered a concussion were more likely to develop any of several conditions, including: attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); depression or anxiety; Parkinson's disease; o...
Dirty air is the curse of urban living, and studies have shown that breathing it in harms the brains of men and women alike.
But a new study suggests that diet can help reverse the damage: Older women who regularly ate fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids seemed to better withstand the neurological effects of smog.
"Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to fight inflammation and m...
New research is suggesting links between street lights, neon signs and other forms of nighttime outside lighting and sleeplessness and mood disorders among teens.
The study of more than 10,000 American kids aged 13 to 18 couldn't prove cause and effect. However, it found that teens living in areas with high levels of artificial outdoor light at night went to bed about 29 minutes later...
It's a virus some might not even remember, but babies born to mothers infected with Zika who appeared normal at birth still experienced neurological or developmental problems, new research suggests.
A hallmark of infection with the mosquito-borne Zika virus in pregnant women is delivering a baby with an abnormally small head -- a condition called microcephaly. But as children exposed ...
TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Deep sleep is essential for good health, and too little of it may shorten your life, a new study suggests.
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep is when dreams occur and the body repairs itself from the ravages of the day. For every 5% reduction in REM sleep, mortality rates increase 13% to 17% among older and middle-aged adults, resear...
Data from a five-year clinical trial is adding to growing evidence that deep brain stimulation (DBS) can slow the ravages of Parkinson's disease.
Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tenn., said that the therapy appears to curb any worsening of tremor and other symptoms, as well as lessening a patient's need for medications.
"Parkinson's is relen...
For those who try to catch up on lost sleep during the weekend, French researchers have some bad news: Once Saturday and Sunday have come and gone, many will find they're still seriously short on sleep.
The finding centered on adults who regularly get only six hours of sleep or less on weekdays. That's far less than the seven to eight hours per night that most people need, said study ...
Love a glass of wine with dinner? There's good news for you from a study that finds "moderate" alcohol consumption -- a glass or two per day -- might actually preserve your memory and thinking skills.
This held true for both men and women, the researchers said.
There was one caveat, however: The study of nearly 20,000 Americans tracked for an average of nine years found tha...
More and more U.S. states are allowing marijuana to be taken as medicine, and a new study suggests that users do indeed feel better.
In a survey of nearly 1,300 people with chronic health conditions, researchers found that those using "medicinal cannabis" reported less pain, better sleep and reduced anxiety.
They also tended to use fewer prescription medications and were les...
Patients with severe COVID-19 may be at risk for a variety of brain complications -- from stroke to psychosis, new research suggests.
"There have been growing reports of an association between COVID-19 infection and possible neurological or psychiatric complications, but until now these have typically been limited to studies of 10 patients or fewer," said lead study author Benedict Mi...
In findings that could pave the way to a new treatment for Parkinson's disease, scientists have figured out how to spur the production of new brain cells in mice.
The advance centers on a protein found in various cells in mice and humans. Researchers found that blocking it in the mouse brain caused certain "support cells" there to transform into specialized neurons that produce the ch...
Can working or playing in the hot sun "fry" your brain?
Yes, claims a new, small study that found too much heat on the head hampered thinking in volunteers.
Most people know that high temperatures can cause heat exhaustion or heat stroke as the body's core temperature becomes dangerously high, but the beating sun can affect your brain even if your body temperature stays norm...
It often seems the older a person gets, the less they sleep, but new research suggests that inconsistent sleep patterns might predict a future diagnosis of Parkinson's disease.
Researchers who studied 2,930 older men for more than a decade found that those with a particular sleep problem -- called circadian rhythm disruptions -- were three times more likely to develop Parkinson's dise...
Stroke patients in rural areas of the United States are less likely to get cutting-edge treatments and more likely to die than those in cities.
That's the takeaway from a new analysis of nationwide data on more than 790,000 adults who were hospitalized with stroke between 2012 and 2017. Most were 64 or older.
Compared to patients in cities, those treated at rural hospitals w...
While a fever and cough have seemed to be the early warning signs of COVID-19, new research shows almost half of hospitalized patients experience a host of neurological problems.
In fact, headaches, dizziness, strokes, weakness, decreased alertness or other neurological symptoms can appear before the more commonly known symptoms of infection with the new coronavirus (known as S...
Researchers may have gained new insights into a mystifying condition that causes children's behavior to change so severely and abruptly, it can be like they woke up as a different person.
The condition is known as pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome, or PANS. It is diagnosed when a child has a dramatic -- sometimes overnight -- onset of psychiatric and neurological symptom...
Amid recent warnings about a possible link between COVID-19 in children and an inflammatory condition called Kawasaki disease that can harm the heart and other organs, heart experts stress that such cases seem to be rare.
Most kids with COVID-19 have mild symptoms or none at all, but a small number have developed Kawasaki disease, often requiring hospitalization and occasionally, inte...
Studies are beginning to show that, in rare cases, people with severe COVID-19 may develop the serious nervous system disorder known as Guillain-Barre syndrome.
"Guillain-Barre syndrome is a well-known condition in which one's immune system targets peripheral nerves as foreign and attacks them, resulting in the cardinal features of the disease," explained Dr. Anthony Geraci, who direc...
Even before symptoms develop, the brains of people with early Alzheimer's disease have high levels of amyloid protein plaques, a new study reveals.
Those levels in older adults with no dementia symptoms are associated with a family history of disease, lower scores on thinking/memory tests, and declines in daily mental function.
The first findings from the so-called A4 study ...
A study out of China finds that strokes, altered consciousness and other neurological issues are relatively common in more serious cases of COVID-19.
Looking at 214 cases of severe coronavirus illness treated in Wuhan city during the early phase of the global pandemic, doctors reported that 36.4% of patients displayed neurological symptoms.
Sometimes these symptoms appe...
Intensifying a standard form of brain stimulation may bring relief to people with hard-to-treat depression, a preliminary study suggests.
The study involved just 21 patients, but the treatment sent 90% into remission within a few days. That's a success rate that has never been seen in early testing of other therapies for severe depression, the researchers said.
The woman worked in the airlines industry and was in her late 50s. She arrived at Henry Ford Health System in Detroit with a cough, fever and mental confusion that had arisen over the prior three days.
A nasal swab test showed she was infected with the new coronavirus. And as doctors tried to track down the cause of her "altered mental status," brain scans revealed an encephalopathy -...
New research out of France suggests that untreated sleep apnea could raise your odds for developing Alzheimer's disease.
Evidence linking the two is based on a series of neurological assessments, brain scans and sleep analyses conducted between 2016 and 2018.
"This is further support of Alzheimer's as a lifestyle chronic condition that results from a lifetime of experiences,...
The new coronavirus poses a significant risk to people with Parkinson's disease, and experts say they and their caregivers need to take precautions.
"People living with Parkinson's disease are at high risk if they contract COVID-19, whether they are above age 50 or if they have young-onset Parkinson's disease, which occurs in people younger than 50," said Dr. Frederick Southwick, an i...
A new trial confirms that the drug selumetinib shrinks tumors in children suffering from neurofibromatosis type 1.
The condition is characterized by changes in skin coloring and the growth of tumors along nerves in the skin, brain and other parts of the body. The tumors cause disfigurement, limitations on strength and range of motion, and pain.
The tumors are hard to treat,...
Brain inflammation may be more of a factor in dementia than previously believed, a new British study suggests.
"We predicted the link between inflammation in the brain and the buildup of damaging proteins, but even we were surprised by how tightly these two problems mapped on to each other," said co-author Thomas Cope of the Department of Clinical Neurosciences at the University of Ca...
Certain combinations of cholesterol and blood pressure drugs may do more than help the heart -- they might also lower a person's risk of dementia, a new study finds.
The drugs in question include two common types of blood pressure medications -- ACE inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) -- as well as cholesterol-lowering statins.
It's long been known that k...