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Results for search "Surgery: Misc.".

15 Apr

Are C-Section Babies At Higher Risk Of Obesity?

Women born by caesarean-section more likely to face weight problems, new study finds.

Health News Results - 171

As Postponed Surgeries Resume, Can U.S. Hospitals Handle the Strain?

For months, the coronavirus pandemic forced hospitals to delay elective surgeries as doctors turned their attention to treating COVID-19 patients, but the spigots on non-urgent procedures are about to reopen.

Unfortunately, two new reports from Johns Hopkins University researchers suggest that hospitals will be stretched to the limit by the oncoming surge of rescheduled surgeries.

...

Big Need for Blood Donations as Postponed Surgeries Resume

As U.S. hospitals resume procedures put on hold by the coronavirus outbreak, there's an urgent need for blood and platelet donations, the American Red Cross says.

Following a sharp decline in demand for blood products that began in early April, hospitals' needs have recently spiked 30%.

"Blood donors are essential to ensuring the continued health of their community by ma...

A New Hip or Knee Can Do a Marriage Good, Study Finds

After people have a hip or knee replacement surgery, doctors expect these patients will get relief from joint pain, get around easier and once again enjoy the activities they love.

Now, a new study shows that patients' partners -- and thereby their marriage -- also reaped the benefits of the surgery.

"It was obvious that [patients] have less suffering and they can be more a...

COVID-19 Will Delay 28 Million Elective Surgeries Worldwide: Study

The coronavirus pandemic could scuttle more than 28 million elective surgeries across the globe this year, according to a new study.

British researchers gathered information from surgeons at 359 hospitals in 71 countries about elective surgery plans, and used that data in a statistical model to estimate numbers in 190 countries.

Based on a 12-week period of peak disruption t...

Compression Stockings May Not Be Needed After Surgeries, Study Finds

A new study offers reassurance that many surgery patients can safely be freed from one discomfort of recovery -- wearing compression stockings to prevent blood clots.

The garments, which help keep blood from pooling in the lower legs, have long been used post-surgery. One reason has been to thwart blood clots, which can form in the leg veins when a patient is laid up in recovery.

...

Your Doctor Wants to Reschedule That Surgery. But Is It Safe Now?

Some elective surgeries that were postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic have since been rescheduled. But is it safe to have that knee replacement or cataract removal now?

The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) offers a checklist to help you make that determination.

"Physicians, hospitals and health systems are eager to resume elective surgeries, and patients are...

Surgery? One Type of Anesthesia Is Preferable During COVID-19 Outbreak

No one wants to be in the hospital during the coronavirus pandemic, but people who need emergency surgery may have no choice.

If that's the case for you or a loved one, ask about using regional anesthesia. That's the advice of experts from the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) and the European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy.

T...

Do C-Section Babies Become Heavier Adults?

Girls born by cesarean delivery may be more prone to obesity and type 2 diabetes as adults, a new study suggests.

Of more than 33,000 women born between 1946 and 1964, nearly 1,100 were delivered by C-section. Of those women, 37% were obese and 6% had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes by 2014, the study found.

"The results of our study suggest that the previously...

Pain Is a Growing Threat to the Nation's Surgeons, New Research Reveals

Many surgeons have neck and back pain after performing operations, a small new study finds.

It included 53 surgeons (34 men and 19 women) who did 116 operations at the Mayo Clinic in Phoenix. They wore devices that measured neck, back and arm posture during surgery, and were asked about pain and fatigue levels before and after.

Pain increased after surgery in every body area...

What You Should Know If Your Surgery Has Been Put on Hold

Thousands of elective and semi-elective surgeries -- including heart and chest operations -- are on hold due to the coronavirus pandemic.

If your heart or chest surgery has been postponed, Dr. Robbin Cohen and Dr. Elizabeth David of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons offer some advice.

"We especially don't want to turn postponed elective or semi-elective operations into emerge...

What Works Best to Ease the Pain of Sciatica?

Surgery can cut pain intensity by more than half among patients struggling with long-term sciatica, researchers report.

"Sciatica is the symptom of pain that radiates down the leg and is caused by compression of a nerve root in the spinal canal by a disc herniation," explained study author Dr. Chris Bailey. He's an associate professor of surgery with the Bone and Joint Institute at We...

After Tooth Pull, Opioids Don't Relieve Pain Better Than Other Meds: Study

Opioids are no better than other meds at quelling the pain of a pulled tooth, a new study finds, suggesting it may be possible to significantly reduce their use in dentistry.

University of Michigan researchers asked more than 325 people who had teeth pulled to rate their pain and satisfaction within six months of their extraction.

About half of those who had surgical extract...

When Is Surgery Not Safe for Seniors?

Poor physical function, dementia and depression all raise seniors' risk of death after a major operation and should be factored into their pre-surgery assessments, researchers say.

In a new study, investigators analyzed data on more than 1,300 U.S. patients, aged 66 and older, who had one of three types of major surgery (abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, coronary artery bypass graft o...

What You Need to Know About Outpatient Surgery

It's highly likely that you'll undergo outpatient surgery one day, and there are several things you should know about such procedures, says the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

Nearly 50 million outpatient surgeries are performed in the United States each year.

"Complex procedures like total knee replacement, cardiology procedures and spine surgery used to be don...

ACL Surgery Can Do Real Damage to Your Brain: Study

Your knee might never be the same after undergoing surgery for a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and the reason is in your head, a small, new study suggests.

It turns out ACL reconstruction causes changes in the structure of your brain, a University of Michigan (U-M) team found. That's why even after ACL reconstruction and physical therapy, your joint function might never get b...

Doctors' Ratings Tank When Patients Are Kept Waiting: Study

Tick-tock: A long delay in the waiting room annoys some patients so much that they give their doctors lower ratings, a new study finds.

"Waiting to see the doctor is not like waiting in line for a fun ride at Disney World," said senior author Dr. Oren Gottfried, a professor of neurosurgery at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C.

He and his colleagues analyzed 1...

Artificial Heart Valve Would Grow With Kids, Cutting Need for Repeat Surgeries

An expandable artificial heart valve could save children with congenital heart disease from repeated open heart surgeries as they grow up, researchers report.

Current artificial heart valves are fixed in size, meaning children need to get larger ones as they grow. Children who receive their first artificial valve before age 2 will require up to five open-heart operations before they ...

1 in 5 Insured Hit With Surprise Bills for Surgery

You scheduled your surgery and made sure both your doctor and hospital are in your insurer's approved network of providers. Everything went without a hitch -- until a whopper of a bill showed up in the mail for "out-of-network" care during your operation.

The average out-of-network surprise bill tops $2,000, a new study finds. And about 20% of patients who had surgery using a doc...

More Aggressive Surgery Can Extend Survival From Brain Cancer: Study

Adults with glioblastoma -- the most common and deadly type of brain tumor -- could survive more than twice as long if surgeons removed surrounding tissue as well as the tumor, a new study finds.

That involves cutting out "non-contrast-enhancing tumor" -- which doesn't light up on an MRI when a contrast agent is injected -- as well as contrast-enhancing tumor.

"Traditionally...

For Teens, Weight-Loss Surgery May Not Bring Emotional Gains

Following weight-loss surgery, teens may see some aspects of their health improve, but overall mental health isn't likely to budge, a new study suggests.

In the five years after gastric bypass surgery, teens experienced small gains in self-esteem and some improvement in binge-eating, but no sizable boost in overall mood, researchers found.

"The transition from adolescence ...

Spinal Fusion Outcomes Worse for Black Patients, Large Study Finds

Black Americans who have lower spinal fusion surgery have more complications, spend more time in the hospital and have higher costs than white patients, new research shows.

For the study, the researchers analyzed the discharge records of nearly 268,000 patients in California, Florida, New York, Maryland and Kentucky who had this common surgery from 2007 through 2014.

Of thos...

Imaging Technique Tracks Down Stray Lung Cancer Cells for Surgeons

Combining an imaging technology with a new drug that "lights up" lung cancer cells may help surgeons spot hidden bits of cancer, a new study suggests.

The small, preliminary study found that the new combo -- dubbed intraoperative molecular imaging (IMI) -- helped improve outcomes in surgeries of 1 out of 4 patients.

The drug used in IMI is called OTL38. The drug isn't yet ...

Are Doctors Discarding 'Injured' Kidneys That Might Be Used for Transplant?

Many of the donor kidneys that are discarded each year in the United States could instead be effectively transplanted, a large new study suggests.

At issue are kidneys from deceased donors that are acutely injured. Right now in the United States, about 30% of those organs are discarded, rather than being given to patients on transplant waitlists.

But the new study found ...

Which Obesity Surgery Is Right for You?

People considering obesity surgery have a lot to think about, including the specific procedure they want. Now a large study finds that one surgery is tied to a higher rates of hospitalization in the years afterward.

Looking at medical records from more than 33,000 U.S. patients, researchers found that those who underwent gastric bypass surgery had higher rates of hospitalization in th...

Surgery May Add Years for Patients With Deadly Brain Cancer: Study

Surgical removal of the entire tumor may extend the lives of patients with a rare and deadly type of brain cancer called brainstem high-grade gliomas, a new study suggests.

Researchers analyzed data from 103 patients in the United States who had either a biopsy (15%) or had surgery to remove part or all of the tumor (85%) between 1973 and 2015. Of those who had surgery, about...

All in the Timing: Many Get Knee Replacement Too Late or Too Soon

It's a question many aging Americans face: Is it time to replace my aching knee, or should I wait?

New research suggests that for far too many patients, the procedure is done either too late or too soon.

Much of the success of knee replacement surgery for knee osteoarthritis depends on timing, but a team at Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago fou...

Older Blood Safe as New Blood for Transfusions

Transfusions with fresh red blood cells are not any better than older red blood cells at reducing the risk of organ failure or death in critically ill children, a new study says.

The findings show that the standard practice of transfusions with older cells is just as safe and effective, according to the researchers.

Their study included more than 1,400 critically ill childre...

Surgery Is Far Too Often Fatal for Kids in Poor Nations

Kids in poor countries are up to 200 times more likely to die after surgery than kids in rich nations, a new study finds.

As the need for pediatric surgery grows in poor and moderate-income countries, it leaves 2 billion children without access to safe surgery and anesthesia, said researcher Dr. Mark Newton. He's a pediatric anesthesiologist at Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital a...

FDA Approves First Disposable Duodenoscope, Reducing Infection Risk

Improperly cleaned duodenoscopes -- a type of endoscope used to diagnose illness in the pancreas and bile ducts -- have been linked to hundreds of cases of severe, sometimes fatal, infections in patients.

Now, U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval of the first disposable duodenoscope should pave the wave for procedures that nearly eliminate that worry.

"The availability...

Patients, Not Hospitals, Most Important to Spinal Fusion Outcomes

Individual patient characteristics -- not the quality of care provided by surgeons and hospitals -- account for most differences in spinal fusion surgery outcomes, according to a new study.

The study included 737 patients, average age 63, who had spinal fusion surgery at 17 U.S. hospitals between 2012 and 2018. Fifty-eight surgeons did the operations.

One year after surgery...

'Prehab' Before Surgery Helps Speed Seniors' Recovery

"Training" for surgery can improve seniors' outcomes and reduce insurance costs, a new study says.

It included 523 Medicare patients in Michigan, average age 70, who exercised, ate a healthy diet and practiced stress reduction techniques for at least one week before a major operation. It's a process the researchers called prehabilitation, or prehab for short.

These patients...

Is Pot Use a Heart Risk After Surgery?

Heavy pot users are nearly two times more likely to have a heart attack after common types of surgeries as those who don't use the drug, a new study shows.

"While cannabis is often purported as being safe or benign, we don't fully understand the health implications of this drug, particularly in heavy users," said study author Dr. Karim Ladha, a clinician-scientist at the Li Ka Shing K...

Ruth Bader Ginsburg Released From Hospital After Health Scare

Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was discharged from the hospital on Sunday after being admitted on Friday with chills and a fever.

The news of her recovery and return home was issued by a court spokeswoman, ABC News reported.

The 86-year-old was first evaluated on Friday at a hospital in Washington, D.C., after feeling unwell. She was then transferred to The...

They Had Half Their Brains Removed. Here's What Happened After

Many people think of their brain as an overstuffed attic. Every square-inch is either crammed with information or working overtime to help the body function properly. So is it even conceivable that a person be normal with just half a brain?

Yes, apparently it is, according to a new analysis that assessed brain health among six adults who had undergone a hemispherectomy as child...

Expensive Device Used in Heart Surgeries Might Pose Dangers: Study

A pricey high-tech pump that maintains blood flow during heart procedures could be more dangerous to patients than its low-tech predecessor, a pair of new studies finds.

The Impella device is associated with an increased risk of death, bleeding and stroke among patients undergoing angioplasty to re-open clogged arteries, two separate research teams concluded in presentations Sunday at...

Jimmy Carter Recovering After Brain Procedure

After three falls in recent months, former President Jimmy Carter was recovering at an Atlanta hospital Tuesday morning following surgery to ease pressure on his brain caused by bleeding from those falls.

The 95-year-old "is recovering at Emory University Hospital following surgery this morning to relieve pressure on his brain from a subdural hematoma. There are no complications from ...

Give Newborn to Mom Right Away -- After Moving the Electrodes

Immediate skin-to-skin contact between newborns and their mothers is encouraged, but poses some potential risks in cases of cesarean birth, researchers say.

In a new report, the researchers described two cases where newly delivered babies came into contact with electrodes on the mothers' skin that were used to monitor her vital signs during C-section surgery.

The cases were ...

Staying Slim After Weight-Loss Surgery Could Cut Cancer Risk in Half

The drastic weight loss that occurs with successful bariatric surgery could have an extra benefit -- it may slash your risk of cancer.

People with severe obesity who dropped more than 20% of their total body weight following surgery wound up cutting their risk of cancer by more than half, compared with those who didn't lose as much weight after the procedure, a new study reports.<...

Fewer Opioids After Eye Surgery Don't Mean More Post-Op Pain

Prescribing fewer opioid painkillers to patients after eye surgery did not compromise pain control, a new study shows.

It included 82 patients who had cornea surgery at the University of Michigan's Kellogg Eye Center, which implemented a new policy to give patients fewer opioid pills after surgery. Generally, many people are first exposed to opioids after surgery.

Doctors al...

Could Tissue-Sealing Tape One Day Replace Stitches?

Double-sided tape that quickly binds tissues shows promise in animal tests and may eventually offer an alternative to surgical sutures, researchers report.

"There are over 230 million major surgeries all around the world per year, and many of them require sutures to close the wound, which can actually cause stress on the tissues and can cause infections, pain and scars," explained stu...

Sooner Is Usually Better for Gallbladder Surgery

If someone is hospitalized for a painful gallbladder attack, new research suggests that surgery probably shouldn't wait.

Doctors may typically hold off on operating until gallbladder inflammation has gone down and antibiotics have started working on an infection. But the study found that waiting more than 72 hours for surgery led to a higher rate of complications and longer hospita...

Tougher Rules on Opioids After Surgery Doesn't Mean More Pain for Patients

Patients' pain management wasn't compromised after Vermont implemented new rules that aimed to reduce the use of opioid painkillers after surgery, a new study shows.

The new rules, introduced in July 2017, require doctors to explain to patients the risks and benefits of opioids (such as OxyContin), outline non-opioid painkiller alternatives, and educate them on the safe disposal of un...

Most Seniors 85+ Do Well After Colon Cancer Surgery: Study

Patients aged 85 and older who have colon cancer surgery have high survival rates, a new study finds.

People are living longer, so more seniors are being diagnosed with colon cancer, according to the authors of a study presented Tuesday at a meeting of the American College of Surgeons, in San Francisco.

"Given the burden of colon cancer in this [age group], we were hoping to...

Don't Delay Surgery for Very Early-Stage Breast Cancer, Study Suggests

Delaying surgery for a noninvasive breast cancer can have dire consequences, a new study shows.

Longer delays in surgery for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) breast cancer lead to a higher risk of invasive ductal carcinoma and a slightly lower survival rate, researchers found.

"For each month of delay, there was well under a 1% difference in survival. But for each month o...

Family Can Help Keep Delirium at Bay After Surgery

Many older hospital patients suffer delirium after surgery, but a new program that involves the patient's family in recovery may help, a new study suggests.

Called the Tailored, Family-Involved Hospital Elder Life Program (t-HELP), it appears to help lessen the burden of postoperative delirium while maintaining or improving physical and thinking functions, and shortening the time pat...

1 in 5 Heart Pacemaker Patients Prescribed Opioids After Surgery

Opioid painkillers are prescribed to 1 in 5 patients who get a pacemaker or other implantable heart device, a new study finds.

It included more than 16,500 U.S. adults who had heart devices implanted between 2010 and 2018.

After their procedures, opioids were prescribed to about 20%. Of those, 80% had never taken opioids before. Among those patients, more than 9%...

Surgery Helps Tough-to-Treat Acid Reflux

For people with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) that doesn't respond to the usual treatments, a complex surgery may help, a new study finds.

In carefully selected patients, the surgery provided much more relief than two different types of medication treatment -- 67% for surgery compared to 28% for "active" drug treatment and 12% for the "control" (placebo) drug tre...

Next-Gen Artificial Pancreas Boosts Blood Sugar Control

The latest version of the so-called artificial pancreas system helped people with type 1 diabetes gain even better control of their blood sugar levels than current technology does, a new study reports.

The device combines an insulin pump, a continuous glucose monitor and a computer algorithm. The system measures blood sugar levels and delivers insulin automatically when levels rise. ...

Gender Reassignment Surgery Does Bring Mental Health Benefits

Transgender men and women who undergo gender reassignment surgery are much less likely to need mental health services later, new research suggests.

The researchers, Richard Branstrom and John Pachankis of the Yale School of Public Health, said the finding "lends support to the decision to provide gender-affirming surgeries to transgender individuals who seek them."

The conc...

Is Partial Hip Replacement Often the Better Option?

In recent years, the number of U.S. adults getting total hip replacements -- meaning both a new ball and joint socket -- following a hip fracture has soared to an estimated 500,000 annually.

That's nearly three times the rate at which these adults undergo a partial hip replacement, which only replaces the ball of the hip joint.

But a new Canadian study that compared the sho...

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