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Results for search "Antibiotics".

22 Aug

Antibiotics and Cancer Risk

Antibiotic use linked to increased risk of colon cancer.

Health News Results - 75

1 in 4 Gets Unneeded Antibiotics at Children's Hospitals

One-quarter of kids who receive antibiotics in U.S. children's hospitals are given the drugs inappropriately, which increases the risk of antibiotic resistance, researchers say.

"Antibiotic resistance is a growing danger to everyone; however, there is limited data on children," said study co-author Dr. Jason Newland, a professor of pediatrics at Washington University in St. Louis.

...

Study Finds 'No Clear Rationale' for 45% of Antibiotic Prescriptions

Nearly half of antibiotic prescriptions for Medicaid patients appear to be inappropriate, new research suggests.

That kind of overprescribing raises risks for everyone, experts say, as bacteria gain more chances to mutate around the life-saving drugs.

For the study, researchers analyzed 298 million antibiotic prescriptions filled by 53 million Medicaid patients between 2004 ...

Could Strep Throat Become Untreatable?

When a child has strep throat, an antibiotic like penicillin usually has them back at school 24 hours later.

But a new study warns that strains of bacteria that cause strep throat and "flesh-eating disease" appear close to becoming resistant to penicillin and other antibiotics known as beta-lactams.

"If this germ becomes truly resistant to these antibiotics, it would have a ...

Are Antibiotics a Recipe for Obesity in Childhood?

Children who receive multiple antibiotic prescriptions early in life may be vulnerable to obesity, two new studies suggest.

In one study, researchers found that 4-year-olds who'd received more than nine antibiotic prescriptions in their lives were twice as likely to be obese as their peers with no antibiotic exposure.

The second study found a similar pattern. However, the an...

U.S. Doctors Often Test, Treat Kids Unnecessarily

Regardless of their family's insurance status, many children get medical care they don't need, a new study suggests.

One in 11 publicly insured and 1 in 9 privately insured children in the United States were given what the researchers called unnecessary, "low-value" care in 2014, the researchers report.

"While we found that publicly insured children were a little more likel...

Drug-Resistant Dysentery Emerging Among Gay Men

Australian researchers are sounding the alarm over cases of a highly infectious intestinal illness that appear to be resistant to all forms of standard oral antibiotic treatment.

The disease is called shigellosis, a form of dysentery. So far, most cases have involved gay and bisexual men in the Australian state of Victoria, the researchers said.

"Shigellosis is an acute diar...

Over 40% of Antibiotics Could Be 'Inappropriately' Prescribed

When your doctor prescribes an antibiotic, there's a 43% chance it may not be needed, a new study finds.

"While there has been a lot of research looking at inappropriate prescribing, our findings suggest that we still may be underestimating the proportion of prescriptions that are inappropriate," said lead study author Michael Ray, a researcher at Oregon State University College ...

Penicillin Allergy Less Common Than Thought: Study

Millions of Americans think they're allergic to penicillin, but they're not, a new study reveals.

This erroneous belief adds millions of dollars to health care costs and results in unnecessary side effects from more powerful antibiotics, researchers say. It also adds to the danger of creating antibiotic-resistant bacteria, they warn.

Christopher Bland, a clinical associa...

Some Headway Made Against 'Superbugs,' but Threat Remains: CDC

The U.S. response to the threat of antibiotic-resistant germs has shown some progress, but these potentially deadly bugs still show no signs of stopping, a new government report warns.

Prevention efforts have reduced deaths from antibiotic-resistant bugs by 18% overall and by nearly 30% in hospitals, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed Nov. 13 in an up...

Many Older Americans Misuse Antibiotics: Poll

A new poll delivers good and bad news: Half of American seniors report taking antibiotics in the last two years, but many also say they have misused them.

As many as 1 in 5 say they take leftover antibiotics without checking with their doctor, and 2 in 5 expect doctors to prescribe them for viral conditions, which don't respond to antibiotics.

Even though 89% of older...

Antibiotics Not Recommended for Most Toothaches, New Guideline Says

Antibiotics aren't necessary for most toothaches, a new American Dental Association (ADA) guideline says.

It's common for doctors and dentists to prescribe antibiotics to ease toothache symptoms and prevent a more serious condition.

But a review that led to the new guideline concluded that antibiotics are not the best option for adults with a toothache. Instead, they should ...

Organic Chicken Less Likely to Harbor a Dangerous 'Superbug'

In a finding that suggests organic is best, a new study indicates that chickens raised without antibiotics may have fewer types of antibiotic-resistant salmonella than animals raised at factory farms.

Salmonella is a common infection among poultry, so some large farms feed their chickens antibiotics to prevent the birds from getting sick, and to help them gain weight faster. But this...

Even Dolphins Are Threatened by Antibiotic-Resistant 'Superbugs'

Scientists have found one more way Flipper is a lot like people: The sharp rise in antibiotic resistance affecting humans is also happening to dolphins.

The discovery stems from a 13-year study of bottlenose dolphins in Florida's Indian River Lagoon.

"We've been able to provide a large database of information in order to continue learning from these impressive animals," sai...

Treatment for Very-Preterm Infants May Lead to Antibiotic Resistance

Medical advances have enabled some babies who are born extremely early to survive, but they may need ongoing health care, including prolonged use of antibiotics.

Now, a new study finds long-term antibiotic treatment puts preterm infants at risk of developing multidrug-resistant gut bacteria, which could affect their health later in life.

This study looked at 32 very preterm...

CDC Warns of Drug-Resistant Salmonella in Beef, Cheese

An antibiotic-resistant strain of salmonella is sickening people who eat contaminated beef and unpasteurized soft Mexican cheese, U.S. health officials warned Thursday.

First seen in 2017, this bacterial strain has already caused 255 Americans in 32 states to become ill, and many more cases are expected.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has pinpointed the ...

More Antibiotics, Higher Odds for Colon Cancer?

Taking certain antibiotics -- especially multiple times or for long courses -- may put you at risk for colon cancer, a large new study suggests.

The researchers found that as people's antibiotic use increased, their odds of being diagnosed with colon cancer inched up. Specifically, the risk was tied to antibiotics that kill anaerobic bacteria -- which include common drugs like penicil...

Many Americans Take Antibiotics Without a Prescription

No one would argue that antibiotics are an amazing 20th-century innovation, promising a quick cure for bacterial illnesses that might otherwise cause serious harm or death.

But they are not without risk, especially when taken without a doctor's supervision.

Yet a new study review suggests that's exactly what many Americans are doing: misusing "under-the-counter" or old lefto...

Many Pneumonia Patients Get Too Many Antibiotics

Two-thirds of hospitalized pneumonia patients may be prescribed antibiotics for too long, increasing their risk for potentially harmful side effects, researchers say.

In 93#37; of cases, overprescription involved the number of antibiotics patients received upon being discharged from the hospital.

Each year in the United States, pneumonia sends 1 million adults to the hospita...

Americans Aware of Antibiotic Resistance, but Don't Always Follow Rx: Poll

Most Americans consider antibiotic resistance a threat to public health, but 45% say they've used antibiotics improperly, a new poll reports.

Of those, 39% did not finish a course of antibiotics and 16% took them without talking first to a health care provider, according to a phone poll of more than 1,200 adults nationwide by the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF).

Antibiotics Pollute Rivers Worldwide: Study

Levels of antibiotics in some of the world's rivers are hundreds of times higher than what's considered safe, British researchers report.

For the new study, investigators checked rivers in 72 countries on six continents for 14 widely used antibiotics and found them at 65% of monitored sites.

"The results are quite eye-opening and worrying, demonstrating the widespread co...

Dentists Prescribe Antibiotics Far Too Often: Study

Dentists tend to be overeager when it comes to prescribing antibiotics, new research suggests.

The study authors found that antibiotics prescribed to prevent infection during dental procedures weren't necessary 81% of the time. That's important because 10% of all antibiotic prescriptions come from dentists, the researchers said.

"Preventive antibiotics in these patie...

Scientists Develop an Antibiotic Alternative Against 'Superbugs'

"Superbugs" strike fear in the hearts of scientists who are racing to find new drugs to fight these dangerous infections, but British researchers now report they have developed a compound that could battle these antibiotic-resistant bacteria in an entirely new way.

The compound, a metal complex based on the element ruthenium, "works by binding to the cell wall of bacteria and disrupti...

Routine Use of Antibiotics May Help After Complicated Vaginal Birth: Study

Nearly half of infections among women who undergo an assisted vaginal birth could be prevented by giving them a dose of antibiotics soon after delivery, a new study contends.

The preventive use of antibiotics in these cases could prevent about 5,000 infections in new mothers every year in the United States alone, and many more worldwide, the researchers estimated.

"Pregnancy...

An Antibiotic Alternative? Using a Virus to Fight Bacteria

Viruses and bacteria are the culprits behind the infectious diseases that plague humans. Researchers recently turned one against the other, using viruses to wipe out a potentially life-threatening bacterium in a 15-year-old girl with cystic fibrosis.

This old-time approach to battling bacterial infections might be worth another look in these days of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, a ne...

VA Doctors Prescribing Unnecessary Antibiotics, Study Says

Antibiotic overuse is a major problem throughout the world. Now a new study finds four in 10 outpatients were inappropriately prescribed antibiotics at a major U.S. Veterans Affairs health system.

That rate is higher than in previous studies on outpatient antibiotic use. Improper use of the drugs is associated with increased illness, cost and the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteri...

Long-Term Antibiotic Use May Up Women's Odds for Heart Trouble

Antibiotics can be lifesaving, but using them over a long period might raise the odds of heart disease and stroke in older women, a new study suggests.

Researchers tracked the health of nearly 36,500 U.S. women over an average follow-up of nearly eight years. During that time, more than a thousand developed heart disease.

The study found that women aged 60 and older who use...

Newborn's 'Microbiome' Could Give Clues to Weight Later

A newborn's first stool holds telltale clues about his risk for becoming an overweight 3-year-old, according to a European study.

The clues come from the population of bacteria (microbiome) in the baby's gut.

Finnish researchers used genetic sequencing to analyze the first stool produced by 212 newborns and another sample at age 1. Called meconium, a baby's first stool is c...

Hospital Privacy Curtains Could Be Breeding Ground for Germs

Privacy curtains in hospital rooms might offer patients some personal dignity, but they can also harbor dangerous, drug-resistant bacteria.

That's the claim of a new study where researchers took more than 1,500 samples from privacy curtains in 625 rooms at six skilled nursing facilities in Michigan. The samples were collected from the parts of the curtains touched most often. Samples...

Cluster of Dangerous Antibiotic-Resistant E. Coli Infection Spotted in NYC

Experts are sounding the alarm about a cluster of four New York City hospital patients carrying an antibiotic-resistant "superbug" form of E. coli.

The E. coli harbored by the patients has an antibiotic resistance gene called mcr-1, which gives the bacteria resistance to colistin, an antibiotic of last resort against some multidrug-resistant infections, according to a team led by Dr. ...

Fish Slime Could Hold Key to Beating 'Superbug' Infections

Scientists are looking to an unexpected source in the battle against drug-resistant bacteria: fish slime.

The researchers said that microbes in the protective mucus that coats young fish holds promise in fighting multidrug-resistant bacteria. These include the so-called "superbug" microbes that cause methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections.

The ...

'Antibiotic Envelopes' Could Cut Infections After Pacemaker Implant

Tucking a pacemaker inside an antibiotic-soaked mesh envelope before implanting it inside your body can drastically reduce your risk of a dangerous infection, a new study shows.

About 1.7 million patients receive cardiac implants like pacemakers or defibrillators every year worldwide, and doctors use preoperative antibiotics to lower the chances of infectio...

Seniors With UTIs Need Antibiotics ASAP, Study Says

For older adults with a urinary tract infection (UTI), antibiotic treatment should begin immediately to prevent serious complications, a new British study finds.

Delaying or withholding antibiotics in this age group can increase the risk of bloodstream infection (sepsis) and death, researchers reported Feb. 27 in the BMJ.

The findings suggest that doctors should "cons...

New Antibiotic Treats Pneumonia, Skin Infections

An updated version of an old antibiotic works well against pneumonia and serious skin infections -- giving doctors a new option for some common ills, researchers say.

In two trials, researchers found that the drug -- called omadacycline -- worked as well as standard antibiotics in treating patients with "community-acquired" pneumonia or skin infections.

That means they got s...

Antibiotics Still Misused in Babies With Viral Lung Infections

U.S. emergency rooms routinely prescribe antibiotics to babies with the common viral lung infection bronchiolitis, counter to recommendations issued more than a decade ago, a new study finds.

Bronchiolitis is the leading cause of hospitalization for U.S. babies in their first year of life. In bronchiolitis, the lung's small airways (bronchioles) become inflamed and congested, typical...

1 in 4 Antibiotic Prescriptions Isn't Needed: Study

Nearly 25 percent of antibiotics prescribed in the United States are given for conditions they aren't meant to treat, a new study finds.

Antibiotics are miracle drugs that can cure deadly bacterial infections. But too often they are given to treat viral infections, such as colds and flu, for which they are ineffective.

And the overuse of antibiotics brings public health da...

Dermatologists Cut Back on Antibiotics But Still Prescribe the Most

U.S. dermatologists are prescribing fewer antibiotics overall but are writing more short-term orders for the drugs, a new study finds.

Dermatologists prescribe more antibiotics per doctor than any other medical specialty -- more than 7.1 million prescriptions per year, the University of Pennsylvania researchers said.

According to their analysis of 2008-2016 data from private...

Ring in the New Year Resolved to Improve Your Health

If you're thinking about making some health-related resolutions for 2019, the American Medical Association (AMA) has some suggestions.

"This is the perfect time of year for each of us to consider our personal goals, and how we can make positive health choices in the coming year," said AMA President Dr. Barbara McAneny.

"We encourage everyone to prioritize their long-term he...

Are You Overdoing Antibiotics?

Antibiotics are life-savers. But they're being overprescribed and overused, leading to antibiotic-resistant germs stronger than the drugs available to treat them.

This is also creating more drug side effects, allergic reactions and serious infections.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in one year alone, more than 262 million courses of antibio...

Certain Antibiotics Tied to Deadly Heart Vessel Tears: FDA

Patients should avoid a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones due to an increased risk of heart vessel tears associated with their use, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned.

"These tears, called aortic dissections, or ruptures of an aortic aneurysm can lead to dangerous bleeding or even death," the agency said in a statement issued Thursday.

The risk for these...

Hidden Dangers in Dust

An antibacterial called triclosan is common in dust and could result in dust-dwelling bacteria becoming antibiotic-resistant, researchers report.

"There is this conventional wisdom that says everything that's in dust is dead, but that's not actually the case. There are things living in there," said study leader Erica Hartmann, an assistant professor of environmental engineering at Nor...

Ask About the Antibiotics Prescribed for Your Child

Parents, there are a number of questions you should ask when your child is prescribed antibiotics in the hospital, the American Academy of Pediatrics says.

While antibiotics can save lives, overuse of the drugs can lead to antibiotic resistance.

"It's important to select the right antibiotic dose at the right time for the right duration," said Dr. Theoklis Zaoutis, a member ...

America Is Worried About Antibiotic Resistance

A majority of Americans believe the health threat posed by antibiotic resistance is real and pressing, a new survey shows.

The survey of more than 1,000 adults found that 65 percent believe antibiotic resistance is a public health problem, and 81 percent are worried that antibiotic resistance will make more infections difficult to treat or even deadly.

The survey was conduct...

Tough-to-Treat UTIs More Likely to Recur

If your urinary tract infection isn't responding to antibiotics, you could be headed for a fast relapse, researchers say.

In a new study of 151 adults with antibiotic-resistant UTIs, investigators found that these patients were more likely to have a relapse within a week and were more likely to be prescribed an incorrect antibiotic than a comparison group of patients with non-resista...

New Antibiotic Offers Hope Against 'Super Gonorrhea'

Untreatable, antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea has become a chilling prospect in the United States, raising concerns that people might someday have to live with the sexually transmitted bacteria.

But now there's reason for hope. A newly developed antibiotic pill has proven effective against gonorrhea in early clinical trials.

Zoliflodacin proved effective in treating gonorrhea ...

Your Showerhead May Be Bathing You in Germs

You no doubt think that stepping into your shower will wash away dirt and germs, but a new study shows your showerhead might instead dump nasty bacteria on you that may cause lung infections.

Most people know to keep their bathrooms clean, especially the toilet and sink. But researchers discovered that places in the United States and Europe where germs called mycobacteria are found i...

Many U.S. Parents Share Leftover Antibiotics: Survey

An "alarming" number of American parents save unused antibiotics and give them to family members and other people, a new study finds.

This type of misuse helps fuel antibiotic resistance, the study authors said. Their report is scheduled for presentation Monday in Orlando, Fla., at the national conference of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

"This is dangerous not on...

Antibiotics During Infancy May Up Childhood Obesity Risk

Babies who are prescribed antibiotics before they're 2 years old may be more likely to become obese children, new research suggests.

Acid reflux medications may also up the risk, though that connection was not as strong.

The findings come from the tracking of infant medication histories and childhood obesity incidence among hundreds of thousands of children up until age 8. A...

Breastfeeding May Shield Baby From Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria

Another study backs up the belief that "breast is best" when it comes to a baby's health.

In the report, Finnish researchers say that breastfeeding appears to protect babies from dangerous antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Due to their weak immune systems, more than 200,000 newborns worldwide die each year of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria, the study authors...

Therapy Dogs Can Spread MRSA, But Antibacterials Help Prevent the Danger

While therapy dogs can help ease anxiety for kids with cancer, they may also carry antibiotic-resistant bacteria that can put patients at risk for serious infections.

Cleaning the dogs with antibacterial shampoo and wipes reduces that risk, according to researchers.

The new study included therapy dogs that visit kids receiving outpatient cancer treatment at Johns Hopkins Bl...

Half of Antibiotics Given Without Infection Diagnosis

After years of public health warnings about antibiotic misuse, a new study suggests the problem is far from being solved.

Researchers found that of more than 500,000 antibiotic prescriptions they analyzed, nearly half were written without an infection-related diagnosis. And about 20 percent were given without an office visit -- usually over the phone.

It's not clear how many...

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