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Results for search "Autism".

06 Sep

Half of Moms with Children on the Autism Spectrum Have Depression, New Study Finds

Mothers with children on the autism spectrum report much higher symptoms of depression than mothers of neurotypical children, researchers find.

Health News Results - 107

Science Reveals Why Eye Contact Is Tough for People With Autism

A common characteristic of autism is a reluctance to make eye contact with others, and researchers now think they know where in the brain this comes from.

Brain scans show that folks with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) had significantly less activity in their dorsal parietal cortex during eye-to-eye contact, compared to people without ASD, researchers report.

This brain region has b...

Autism Alters Brain in Major Ways, Study Finds

Autism is a more comprehensive disorder than previously thought, and appears to arise from brain changes located throughout the cerebral cortex, not just in specific areas, a new study reports.

Because of autism's specific symptoms, scientists had thought the disorder was likely caused by changes in brain regions believed to affect social behavior and language.

But the new study -- ...

Pregnancy Often More Stressful for Women With Autism

Women who have autism are more vulnerable during pregnancy to depression and anxiety, according to a new British study.

That makes it imperative that effective mental health screening and support is available to help this group, said lead researcher Sarah Hampton, from the University of Cambridge.

...

Not All Kids With Autism Will Benefit From Therapy Dogs

For many kids with autism, Rhett, a black Labrador retriever, has been a calming and comforting influence in his seven years as a therapy dog.

But parents shouldn't assume that a service pooch is the solution for every child on the autism spectrum, a new study...

Smoggy Days Could Help Send Kids With Autism to the ER

Could air pollution land children with autism in the hospital?

A new study found that short-term exposure to air pollution is linked to a higher risk for hospitalization among kids with the developmental disorder.

People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are often admitted due to such ...

Infections During Pregnancy Show No Causal Link to Autism

Research has suggested that kids born to moms who had the flu or another infection during pregnancy may be more likely to have autism, but a new study implies infection may not be the cause after all.

"We found no evidence to suggest that infections contracted by mothers during pregnancy would cause autism in the child," said study author Martin Brynge. He's a doctoral student in the glob...

Screening Test Leads to Fewer Women Included in Autism Studies

A frequently used screening test for autism creates a gender gap that could hinder diagnosis and treatment for women and girls, a new study suggests.

Researchers who study autism have been working to include m...

Half of Moms of Children With Autism Have Depression

While half of mothers of children with autism suffer symptoms of depression, a new study has discovered that did not raise the risk of behavioral problems for their kids.

It was both a surprising and heartenin...

Major Gene Study Spots DNA Tied to Autism, Other Disorders

More than 70 genes are very strongly associated with autism and more than 250 are linked to the condition, a major new genetic analysis has revealed.

The analysis is the largest of its kind to date, involving more than 150,000 participants, including 20,000 diagnosed with autism.

The researchers found t...

Adult Characters With Autism Move Into the TV Spotlight

Dr. Shaun Murphy, the lead character in "The Good Doctor," is a brilliant medical mind who also happens to have autism.

He's not the only television character you may know and love who navigates the challenges of ...

High Rates of COVID Vaccination Among Adults With Autism

Adults with autism have high rates of COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and shots, a new study shows.

That's good news, because autistic adults have multiple risk factors for COVID-19 infection and for more severe illness if they contract the disease, the researchers said.

"Reaching this group effectively in public health messaging about vaccination is critical," said study co-author Kait...

How Stress and Gastro Issues Affect Kids With Autism

For some children with autism, there's a connection between gastrointestinal problems and stress, anxiety and social withdrawal, a new study suggests.

The findings could help efforts to develop personalized treatments for autism patients with gastrointestinal problems such as stomach pain and constipation, the University of Missouri researchers suggested.

Such problems tend to occur...

When Is the Right Time to Tell a Child They Have Autism?

Bella Kofner, a 24-year-old graduate student in special education at the College of Staten Island in New York, was 10 when her parents first told her she had autism. Developmental psychologist Steven Kapp, now 35, was 13 when he was told the same.

So, is there a best time to tell children they have the developmental disorder? New research suggests that younger is better.

Kofner, Kap...

'Overgrowth' of Brain Area in Infancy Could Play Role in Autism

Researchers report that overgrowth of a part of the brain that's associated with autism occurs during infancy, a finding that may make it possible to diagnose the disorder at an earlier age.

The amygdala is a small structure in the brain that's crucial in interpreting social and emotional cl...

Signs of Autism Differ in Brains of Boys, Girls

Researchers have discovered differences between the brains of girls and boys with autism that they say may improve diagnosis of the developmental disorder in girls.

"We detected significant differences between the brains of boys a...

Autism, ADHD Raise the Odds for Early Death

Young people with autism or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a higher risk of dying early from a range of causes, a new research review suggests.

Researchers found that before middle-age, people with autism face higher-than-average rates of death from both "natural" causes, like heart disease, and "unnatural" ones, including accidents and suicide.

Meanwhile, unna...

Drug Might Help Ease 'Sensory Demands' of Autism

A medication that acts on certain brain receptors can temporarily ease visual-processing problems in some adults with autism, a small study has found.

Researchers said it's far too early to know whether the drug, arbaclofen, could prove useful in managing those visual issues. But the findings do give in...

'Baby Talk' Could Help Spot Infants With Autism

That sing-song speech parents use when talking to their babies is universal, and infants tend to prefer it.

So, when a baby doesn't seem to engage with this melodic "motherese," or baby talk, it can be an early sign of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Researchers at the University of California, S...

Cochlear Implants a Big Help to Deaf Children With Autism

Having autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can make communication a challenge, and some of these children are also deaf, making social interactions even more daunting.

But new research suggests that cochlear implants can go a long way toward helping these kids understand speech and connect with others.

A long-term survey that followed 30 children who had

  • Cara Murez
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  • December 29, 2021
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  • Teens With Autism and Driving: Often a Tough Discussion

    Determining whether a young person with autism is ready to drive can be tricky for their health care providers.

    That's the upshot of a new survey that included 78 pediatric physicians, psychologists and other providers in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.

    Half of the respondents said they routinely...

    Scientists Find Clue to Links Between Autism, Epilepsy

    Kids with autism have low levels of a protein that quiets overactive brain cells, which may explain why so many have epilepsy, according to a new study.

    Because the protein can be detected in cerebrospinal fluid, it may have promise as a marker to diagnose autism and as a potential treatment target for the epilepsy tha...

    Autism Now Diagnosed in 1 in Every 44 8-Year-Olds, CDC Says

    Autism may be more prevalent among American children than believed, a new U.S. government study shows.

    One in 44 children at age 8 in the United States have been diagnosed with the developmental disorder, a jump from the previous estimate of 1 in 54 children, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report found.

    But a second study offered more heartening news: After look...

    Brain's 'White Matter' Changes in People With Autism

    Teens and young adults with autism show marked differences in their brains' white matter compared to those without the disorder, a new study finds.

    "If you think of gray matter as the computer, white matter is like the cables," said study co-author Clara Weber, a postgraduate research fellow at Yale University School of Medicine.

    The changes are most apparent in the region involved ...

    People With Autism at Higher Risk for Suicide, Self-Harm: Study

    A significantly increased risk of self-harm and suicide among people with autism shows the need for programs to reduce that risk, researchers say.

    For their study, the investigators analyzed 31 studies on the link between autism and self-harm/suicide that were posted to five databases between 1999 and 2021. Overall, children and adults with autism had a threefold increased risk of self-ha...

    'Feel Good' Hormone Won't Help Ease Kids' Autism, Study Finds

    Despite hints of promise from early research, a new clinical trial finds no evidence that kids with autism benefit from nasal sprays containing the "love" hormone oxytocin.

    Researchers called the findings disappointing.

    But they said the study also offers important information: Some parents of children with autism are already using oxytocin nasal sprays in the hopes of supporting th...

    Kids With Autism Find It Tough to Read Hidden Emotions: Study

    When you're putting on a brave face to mask disappointment or shedding tears of joy, kids with autism are likely to misunderstand how you're really feeling.

    That's because they don't use context to identify underlying emotions, according to a new study investigating whether kids with autism are able to tell when one emotion is concealing a different one.

    The comparative analysis loo...

    Epidurals Not Linked to Autism in Children

    Pregnant women who receive an epidural to ease their pain during labor aren't any more likely than others to have kids with autism, two new studies show.

    Earlier research suggested this practice may increase autism risk in offspring, but the pair of studies should put this concern to rest for good, experts say.

    "Parents can be reassured that there is no link between using epidurals ...

    Obesity a Threat to Adults With Autism, But There May Be Help

    Eating well and exercising regularly can be a challenge for anyone. But for those with autism spectrum disorder or intellectual disabilities, that challenge is exponentially greater.

    Many young men and women with autism and intellectual disabilities face a significantly higher risk for obesity, and all the health complications that follow.

    Yet, a small, new pilot study suggests...

    Intervening in Infancy Might Help Prevent Some Cases of Autism: Study

    Infants may show early signs of autism, but a diagnosis usually isn't made until age 3. Now, a new study suggests that jumpstarting therapy might stave off that diagnosis altogether.

    Researchers say their preemptive, parent-led intervention could have a significant impact on children's social development and longer-term disabilities.

    "What we found is that the babies who received ou...

    It's a Win-Win When a Child With Autism Gets a Shelter Cat

    Parents of a child with autism might wonder if a pet cat would be a good fit for the family. Now, research suggests both children with autism and cats benefit when a feline joins the household.

    Gretchen Carlisle, a research scientist at the Missouri University Research Center for Human-Animal Interaction, in Columbia, Mo., and her colleagues studied the pet dynamic from both sides.

    ...

    Adults With Autism, Mental Illness May Be at Higher Risk for Severe COVID

    Adults with autism, intellectual disabilities or mental health disorders are at increased risk for COVID-19 and severe illness, researchers report.

    Being aware of the heightened risk is important in prioritizing COVID-19 prevention measures, such as vaccination, testing, masking and distancing for these groups, the researchers said.

    "These high-risk populations should be recognized ...

    'Preemie' Babies More Vulnerable to Autism Diagnosis Later: Study

    Babies born prematurely, even just a couple weeks early, may be at increased risk of autism, a large new study suggests.

    It's long been known that autism, a developmental brain disorder, is more common among children who were born preterm -- before the 37th week of pregnancy.

    Researchers said the new study, of more than 4 million people, gives a clearer breakdown of the risks associ...

    Kids With Autism Have Unique Gut 'Microbiomes'

    Children with autism differ socially and developmentally from their typically developing peers. Now, researchers say there are also differences in their array of healthy gut bacteria or "microbiome."

    The findings may lead to earlier treatment for kids with an autism spectrum disorder, suggested the authors of a new small study.

    The gut microbiome can vary according to where people l...

    Autism & Drinking, Drug Abuse Can Be Dangerous Mix

    Teens and adults with autism may be less likely than others to use drugs and alcohol, but new research finds those who do are nearly nine times more likely to use these substances to mask symptoms, including those related to autism.

    This is known as camouflaging, and it has been linked to mental health issues and increased risk for suicide among people with autism.

    "Seeing such star...

    Telehealth: Tips for Helping Kids With Autism Take Part

    Telehealth is increasing in popularity in the United States, partly due to the pandemic. But some children with autism have difficulty sitting through these virtual appointments.

    Yet those visits can be a helpful part of a child's ongoing medical care, and their convenience may help limit time away from work and school, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics' Healthy Children web...

    5 Tests You Should Not Order for a Child With Autism

    A leading medical group is offering testing guidelines for children with autistic behaviors.

    The American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Environmental Health emphasized that certain measurements to test for exposure to chemicals are not helpful to guide treatment. The council pointed out that just because a chemical is found in the body doesn't mean it will cause harm.

    The counc...

    Parents' Input Key When Screening Toddlers for Autism

    Early screening for autism can speed up diagnosis and treatment, and now new research shows that pediatricians are more likely to act when parents express concerns.

    According to pediatricians surveyed in the study, only 39% of toddlers who had failed a screening looking for autism signs were then referred to additional expert evaluation.

    "The lack of referral follow-through was beca...

    New Study Examines Sexuality of People With Autism

    Adults with autism report a broad range of sexuality -- being much more likely to identify as asexual, bisexual or homosexual than people without autism, a new study finds.

    In a survey of nearly 2,400 adults, researchers found that those with autism were three to nine times more likely to identify as homosexual, asexual or "other."

    Among men, those with autism were over three times ...

    Eating Issues Common in People With Autism, and Girls Are More Susceptible

    While it's well established that autism and certain eating issues go hand in hand, does gender also play a role?

    Apparently it does, according to Swedish researchers who set out to better understand whether being male or female influenced eating issues in people who have autism.

    The study found that autistic traits predicted eating problems, but the link was more pronounced partic...

    Pandemic Has Greatly Diminished Services for Kids, Adults With Autism

    When the coronavirus pandemic hit, a number of services that people count on were put on hold -- unfortunately, this included therapeutic and educational services for those with autism, according to a new study.

    To determine this impact, UCLA's Center for Autism Research and Treatment distributed a national survey between April 15 and May 1, 2020.

    "Our first significant finding was...

    Brain Study Suggests Autism Develops Differently in Girls Than Boys

    Autism appears to develop differently in girls and boys, so the findings of research conducted mainly with boys might not apply to girls, a new study suggests.

    Autism spectrum disorder is four times more common in boys, which may help explain why there's far less research about autism in girls.

    "This new study provides us with a roadmap for understanding how to better match current ...

    Epidural in Delivery Not Linked to Autism: Study

    In news that should reassure many pregnant women, having an epidural during childbirth won't increase the child's risk of autism, researchers report.

    The new findings refute a widely criticized 2020 study that said epidurals were associated with a 37% higher risk of autism.

    Experts said that study didn't account for numerous socioeconomic, genetic and medical risk factors for autism...

    Kids With Autism Can Really Benefit From Exercise

    FRIDAY, April 9, 2021 (HealthDay News) - Being active is good for most everyone, and new studies now show it can help kids with autism manage common behavioral issues.

    "Exercise goes beyond health-related benefits and increased levels of fitness for those with autism," said David Geslak, a pioneer in using exercise to help kids with autism. "Research shows that exercise can increase focus...

    More Kids With Autism May Be Doing Well Than Thought

    School-age children with autism may be faring better than commonly thought, with most "doing well" in at least some aspects of development, a new study suggests.

    The study, of 272 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), found that nearly 80% were doing well in at least one of five developmental areas by age 10. Nearly one-quarter were doing well in four of those areas.

    The res...

    'Zombie Genes' Spur Some Brain Cells to Grow Even After Death

    When people die some cells in their brains go on for hours, even getting more active and growing to gargantuan proportions, new research shows.

    Awareness of this activity, spurred on by "zombie genes," could affect research into diseases that affect the brain.

    For the study, researchers analyzed gene expression using fresh brain tissue collected during routine surgery and found that...

    Driving Hazards Differ for Teens With Autism

    Getting a driver's license is an important milestone for many teens and young adults, including those with autism. But all beginner drivers face hazards on the road.

    New research analyzing motor vehicle crashes shows that teens with autism are half as likely to crash due to speeding as their peers, but three times more likely to crash when making a left turn or U-turn.

    Those finding...

    The Family Cat Could Be Good Medicine for Kids With Autism

    Cats have a long history of boosting people's moods and brightening their days. And that's probably true for kids on the autism spectrum as well, new research shows.

    The small study suggests that adopting a shelter cat may help reduce separation anxiety and improve empathy in kids with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

    "Cats, and companion animals in general, offer uncond...

    Sperm Samples May Help Predict Autism Risk in Offspring

    Biomarkers in sperm may help identify men at risk of fathering children with autism, researchers say.

    For the study, investigators examined sperm epigenetics -- the molecular processes that affect gene expression -- in 13 men who fathered sons with autism and 13 who had children without the disorder.

    The American and Spanish researchers focused specifically on DNA methylation, a che...

    Epilepsy Meds During Pregnancy May Raise Autism Risk in Child

    Women who take the epilepsy medication valproic acid during pregnancy have more than twice the risk of having a child with autism, new research suggests.

    The study also found that taking the drug during pregnancy almost doubled the odds that a child would have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), compared to children who weren't exposed to the drug during pregnancy.

    "The...

    Could Hospital Visit Records Help Docs Spot ADHD, Autism Early?

    Kids with autism or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) go to the hospital more in their first year of life than children without these conditions, according to a new study.

    These findings suggest that keeping track of hospital visits may be a new way to identify these conditions early and that might improve outcomes and lower health care costs, researchers say.

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